Tag: dentist

Extraction of the Maxillary First Premolar

What does the maxillary first premolar look like? The maxillary first premolar has the longest crown of any of the maxillary posterior teeth and has a prominent mesiolingual developmental groove on its mesial side. The maxillary first premolar is single rooted for the first… Continue Reading “Extraction of the Maxillary First Premolar”

How to Diagnose Periodontal Disease

‘Under-treatment may lead to disease progression, over-treatment will lead to loss of attachment’ Dr. David Dunivan, A.T. Still Missouri School of Dentistry and Oral Health The severity of periodontitis is measured by the amount of clinical attachment loss¹ (CAL). A CAL of 1-2 mm… Continue Reading “How to Diagnose Periodontal Disease”

Extraction of the Mandibular Second Molar

What is a mandibular molar? The human dentition is divided into groups – the incisors (your front teeth), the canines, the premolars, and the molars. There are (in most cases) three molars in each quadrant of the human mouth. The third molars are the… Continue Reading “Extraction of the Mandibular Second Molar”

What is Centric Relation?

According to the glossary of prosthodontics, ‘a maxillary-mandibular relationship, independent of tooth contact, in which the condyles articulate in the anterior-superior position against the posterior slopes of the articular eminences’ JPD, The Glossary of Prosthodontic Terms Centric relation is not to be confused with… Continue Reading “What is Centric Relation?”

The Posterior Superior Alveolar Nerve and How to Properly Anesthetize it

What does the posterior superior alveolar nerve innervate? The posterior superior alveolar nerve (PSA) is a division of the trigeminal nerve (cranial nerve V). The trigeminal nerve is separated into three major branches – V1, V2, and V3. The V2 branch is known as… Continue Reading “The Posterior Superior Alveolar Nerve and How to Properly Anesthetize it”

Dr. Angle’s Orthodontic Classification

Who was Dr. Angle? Considered the ‘father of orthodontics,’ Dr. Angle was the first to develop a classification system for orthodontics. According to Dr. Angle, the first molars were the foundation of the arches. The classification system therefore is based off the relationship between… Continue Reading “Dr. Angle’s Orthodontic Classification”

The Evolution of Periodontal Disease

What is gum disease? There are multiple types of gum disease, but we will focus on two of the most common – gingivitis and chronic periodontitis. Gingivitis is a plaque-induced disease of the gums where inflammation is present. Plaque is a material that is… Continue Reading “The Evolution of Periodontal Disease”

Lichen Planus and its Association with Hypothyroidism

What is oral lichen planus? Lichen planus is a common dermatologic disease that affects the oral mucosa caused by an overreaction of T lymphocytes in the immune system. Most patients that present with lichen planus are middle aged, and are more commonly female. The… Continue Reading “Lichen Planus and its Association with Hypothyroidism”