Category: Operative

Local Anesthetics and When to Use Them

What is a local anesthetic? Local anesthetics are one of the safest, most reliable ways to achieve anesthesia in dentistry. Local anesthetics contain three parts – an aromatic group, an intermediate chain, and a secondary or tertiary amino terminus. The portion known as the… Continue Reading “Local Anesthetics and When to Use Them”

Extraction of the Maxillary First Premolar

What does the maxillary first premolar look like? The maxillary first premolar has the longest crown of any of the maxillary posterior teeth and has a prominent mesiolingual developmental groove on its mesial side. The maxillary first premolar is single rooted for the first… Continue Reading “Extraction of the Maxillary First Premolar”

Treating a Pregnant Patient

When is it safe to treat a pregnant patient? Pregnancy is divided into trimesters – the first trimester is between 1-12 weeks, the second 13-20 weeks, and the third 20-40 weeks. It is safe to treat a pregnant patient during all three trimesters. Of… Continue Reading “Treating a Pregnant Patient”

Extraction of the Mandibular Second Molar

What is a mandibular molar? The human dentition is divided into groups – the incisors (your front teeth), the canines, the premolars, and the molars. There are (in most cases) three molars in each quadrant of the human mouth. The third molars are the… Continue Reading “Extraction of the Mandibular Second Molar”

What is Centric Relation?

According to the glossary of prosthodontics, ‘a maxillary-mandibular relationship, independent of tooth contact, in which the condyles articulate in the anterior-superior position against the posterior slopes of the articular eminences’ JPD, The Glossary of Prosthodontic Terms Centric relation is not to be confused with… Continue Reading “What is Centric Relation?”

The Posterior Superior Alveolar Nerve and How to Properly Anesthetize it

What does the posterior superior alveolar nerve innervate? The posterior superior alveolar nerve (PSA) is a division of the trigeminal nerve (cranial nerve V). The trigeminal nerve is separated into three major branches – V1, V2, and V3. The V2 branch is known as… Continue Reading “The Posterior Superior Alveolar Nerve and How to Properly Anesthetize it”

The Inferior Alveolar Nerve and How to Properly Anesthetize It

What is the Inferior Alveolar Nerve and what does it innervate? The inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) is part of the cranial nerve number V – the trigeminal nerve (Cranial Nerve V, CNV). The trigeminal nerve is divided into three branches, the V1, V2, and… Continue Reading “The Inferior Alveolar Nerve and How to Properly Anesthetize It”