Month: August 2019

The Evolution of Periodontal Disease

What is gum disease? There are multiple types of gum disease, but we will focus on two of the most common – gingivitis and chronic periodontitis. Gingivitis is a plaque-induced disease of the gums where inflammation is present. Plaque is a material that is… Continue Reading “The Evolution of Periodontal Disease”

Lichen Planus and its Association with Hypothyroidism

What is oral lichen planus? Lichen planus is a common dermatologic disease that affects the oral mucosa caused by an overreaction of T lymphocytes in the immune system. Most patients that present with lichen planus are middle aged, and are more commonly female. The… Continue Reading “Lichen Planus and its Association with Hypothyroidism”

Eruption Sequence of the Permanent Dentition

Teeth generally erupt in pairs at the start of age six – however, there are many factors that dictate which teeth erupt first. For instance, Girls’ teeth generally erupt before boys’ teeth Mandibular teeth generally erupt before maxillary teeth (*except premolars) Slim children have… Continue Reading “Eruption Sequence of the Permanent Dentition”

The Inferior Alveolar Nerve and How to Properly Anesthetize It

What is the Inferior Alveolar Nerve and what does it innervate? The inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) is part of the cranial nerve number V – the trigeminal nerve (Cranial Nerve V, CNV). The trigeminal nerve is divided into three branches, the V1, V2, and… Continue Reading “The Inferior Alveolar Nerve and How to Properly Anesthetize It”

The Effectiveness of Salt Water Rinse and Hypertension

Is salt water rinse effective in reducing the microbial load in the oral cavity? According to a recent study, ‘salt water rinse can be used as adjunct to routine mechanical plaque control for prevention of oral disease.’ In this study, the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration… Continue Reading “The Effectiveness of Salt Water Rinse and Hypertension”